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Transsexual and transgender people can change their legal gender after corresponding medical procedures since 1997. As far as adoptions of children: Single persons living within Russia, regardless of their sexual orientation, can adopt children. Russian children can be adopted by a single homosexual who lives in a foreign country provided that country does not recognize same-sex marriage. Russian Constitution guarantees the right of peaceful association.

Nevertheless, organs of authority in Russia refuse to register LGBT organizations. Anti-gay sentiment in Russia: Public opinion in Russia tends to be hostile toward homosexuality and the level of intolerance has been rising. Restrictive legislation in Russia: In 2013, Russia amended its federal law on the protection of children from information harmful to their health and development. This punished the promotion of ‘non-traditional sexual relations’ to minors with fines and administrative sanctions. The Committee recommended that the law should be repealed.

Same-sex marriage: Neither same-sex marriages nor civil unions of same-sex couples are allowed in Russia. Military service: According to reporting in Pravda. Russians would claim they were gay as a pretense to avoid military service duty. There is a visible LGBT community network, mostly in major cities like Moscow and Saint Petersburg, including nightclubs and political organizations. Gay pride events: There have been notable objections to the organization of gay pride parades in several Russian cities, most prominently Moscow, where authorities have never approved a request to hold a gay pride rally. You can help by adding to it. It has been reported that authorities in the North Caucasus republic of Chechnya have been arresting and torturing men suspected to be gay.

Over 100 men have been arrested and tortured in secret detention facilities that some human rights groups charge to be concentration camps. Prisoners are being starved, electroshocked, beaten, and sometimes beaten to death. Russia has traditionally been socially conservative on LGBT rights, with 2013 polls indicating a large majority of Russians oppose legal recognition of same-sex marriage, and support for laws restricting the distribution of “propaganda” that promotes non-traditional sexual relationships. In September 2013, a Khabarovsk teacher and gay rights activist, Alexandr Yermoshkin, was fired from his two jobs as school teacher and university researcher. A week earlier, he had been attacked by members of a local neo-nazi group “Shtolz Khabarovsk”.

MPs, and their respective political parties, supported every aspect of the bill or not. A few political parties without members in the Duma have expressed some limited support for LGBT rights. Yabloko is a member of the Liberal International, and has organized public demonstrations against intolerance under the banner of building a “Russia without pogroms. The Libertarian Party of Russia, formed in 2007, has objected to the government ban on “gay propaganda” as a violation of people’s right to freedom of speech. In 2016, two openly gay men ran for seats in the Russian duma. While they admit that they probably will not win a seat, they were supported by a liberal coalition.

They are also probably the first openly gay candidates to run for seats in the Russian parliament. The human rights protection movement Gayrussia. Unlike in many western nations, LGBT persons in Russia are not protected by specific legal protections. Violent criminal acts carried out against these persons are prosecuted as criminal offenses under Russian law, but the fact that these crimes are motivated by the sexual orientation or gender identity of the victim is not considered an aggravating factor when the court determines the sentence. On 9 May 2013, after Victory Day parades in Volgograd, the body of a 23-year-old man was found tortured and murdered by three males who stated anti-homosexual motivations, even though family and friends state the victim had no behavior inclination. Local authorities said the murder was motivated by homophobia. February 2014, anti-gay attacks targeting the LGBT community in Moscow were reported at Russia’s largest gay nightclub Central Station, including gunfire and gas attacks.

Several attacks and victim responses were documented in an ABC News Nightline special “Moscow is Burning”. Several employees subsequently left the country. In Tsarist Russia, young women would sometimes pose as men or act like tomboys. This was often tolerated among the educated middle classes, with the assumption that such behavior was asexual and would stop when the girl married. In Soviet Russia, sex reassignment surgeries were first tried during the 1920s but became prohibited until the 1960s.

Later they were performed by Prof. Irina Golubeva, an endocrinologist, authorized by psychiatrist Prof. On 29 December 2014, Russia passed a road safety law, allowing the government to deny driver’s licenses to people with several classes of mental disorders according to ICD-10. The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Federal laws passed on 29 June 2013 ban the distribution of “propaganda” to minors which promotes “non-traditional sexual relationships”. Between 2006 and 2013, ten regions enacted a ban on “propaganda of homosexualism” among minors.